Creation of Eve by Michelangelo Buonarroti.I have to admit that I've often been confused by this part of the story as well. It has been hard for me to understand why Eve was created from Adam's rib. Why didn't God just create her out of the dust like He did Adam? Was it because she wasn't as important as Adam? Why was she made second and not first? Was it because God intended for woman to be subservient and lower than man? No, I don't think so and neither does Elder Nelson of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles who said:
Eve was taken from Adam's rib because she was his equal and God intended for her to stand beside him-- not below him, not behind him and not above him. Adam and Eve were literally to be "of one flesh" and to be unified in all things. It is true that God did not give them the same responsibilities, but he did make them equal partners with talents, gifts and abilities to help each other fulfill those individual responsibilities. This symbolism of Eve being taken from Adam's rib is beautiful and bears testimony of the beautiful truth that God intended from the VERY beginning for men and women to be equal partners, working side by side in all things and supporting each other in the divine work that God has for them to do. How different the world would be (how different most marriages and relationships would be) if each man and each woman understood and believed this sacred truth !
"When Eve was created—when her body was made by God—Adam exclaimed, “Bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of man” (Moses 3:23).
From the rib of Adam, Eve was formed (see Gen. 2:22; Moses 3:22; Abr. 5:16). Interesting to me is the fact that animals fashioned by our Creator, such as dogs and cats, have thirteen pairs of ribs, but the human being has one less with only twelve. I presume another bone could have been used, but the rib, coming as it does from the side, seems to denote partnership. The rib signifies neither dominion nor subservience, but a lateral relationship as partners, to work and to live, side by side."
- Russell M. Nelson, “Lessons from Eve,” Ensign, Nov 1987, 86