2 Nephi 13: 16-26
...the bravery of their tinkling ornaments about their feet...
This picture was taken by my husband at the Bedouin Museum in Amman, Jordan a few summers ago. We were walking through the gallery and he saw this and had to take a picture of it because he said, "Its the tinkling ornaments-- like in Isaiah." These were worn by ancient Bedouin women, whose customs and traditions are similar to those of the people living in Isaiah's time. Even today the Bedouin culture is thought to be the nearest living depiction of what life and dress must have been like in Old Testament times.
This is a caul from Midevil times, where the woman's hair was wrapped in fine silks or linens. The origin of these cauls in Byzantine. The cauls that Isaiah was referring to would probably not have been this extravagant and may have looked something like this
"...the chains, and the bracelets, and the mufflers, The bonnets, and the ornaments of the legs, and the headbands, and the tablets, and the earrings, The rings, and nose jewels..."
A wimple in the 16th century referred to a long a cloth which covered the head, neck, and chin. Today some nuns, who wear the traditional dress, still wear wimples.
The wimples referred to in Isaiah may have just been shawls or a type of cloaks. He may have also been referring to something similar to the traditional headdress and dress of Arab women, the rida and the isaba
How to tie a rida
How to tie a isabaAs far as I could tell scholars can't agree on what a crisping pin was. Some think that it is referring to a small satchel used to keep money and valuables in. Others think that it is referring to crisping or curling ones hair. If that is the case a crisping pin may have looked something like this (the one on top is modern curling iron, the one below is a crisping pin).
The word stomacher used by Isaiah may also be interpreted in Hebrew as a robe. I imagine many of the robes shown above would have been similar to what women wore back then. But just for fun, here is what a stomacher would have been to a 16th century monk.
- Why is modesty so important to the Lord?
- How does how you dress affect your spiritual development and idenity? Does it make a difference?
- What does it mean to be modest? How do women you know manifest modesty? Is it all about how you dress?
- As I read this passage I couldn't help but feel that many of the problems of the daughters of Zion, like being haughty, walking with wanton eyes, and taking bravery in tinkling ornaments, were ones that could be applied to many of today's women. What things do modern women have in common with the women Isaiah is prophesying about? What things are different about them?
- Why does the Lord specifically take away the fine dress of the unrighteous women mentioned in Isaiah as a way of condemning and punishing them?